Pea (Pisum sativum L., 2n = 14) is a valuable source of dietary proteins, mineral nutrients，which was domesticated ~10,000 years ago by Neolithic farmers of the Fertile Crescent. It has been studied as a genetic model since the discovery of Mendel's law of inheritance. Here, we de novo assembled a Chinese pea variety genome named ‘PeaZW6’ and the assembly spans 3.79 Gb representing ~ 88.55 % of the estimated pea genome size (~4.28 Gb) by Flow cytometer. Meanwhile, we integrated RNA-seq data of 8 different pea tissues, and predicted 47526 genes. This high-quality pea genome will greatly promote molecular genetics research and breeding improvement of pea.
Liu, R. et al. Population genetic structure and classification of cultivated and wild pea (Pisum sp.) based on morphological traits and SSR markers. J. Syst. Evol. 60, 85-100 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1111/jse.12710